From the very first year of cultivating the garden, foundation of so called “Italian Boulevard” – current Mediterranean Phyto-geographic Department was initiated together with other Phyto-geographic Departments. In the lane of this boulevard together with a number of florid flowery plants, stone oak, olive tree, strawberry tree, Mediterranean palm and other ligneous species were planted.
The department occupies northern-west part of the garden, along the railway line and its environs. It is located on the area of 5.07 hectare, bordering with Australian Department in the south, whereas – American Department in the north.
Introduction of the plants from the Mediterranean counties was launched in 80s of XIX century, much earlier before foundation of Batumi Botanical Garden.
Currently, Mediterranean Phyto-geographic Department is represented with 75 species of 41 sub-families of 30 families. On the whole territory of the garden, 87 species from 48 sub-families of 42 families are registered. Among them, 22 species are included in the list of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Among the ancient plants met in the phyto-geographic department the following are to be mentioned: huge individuals of Parrotia persica and Quercus castaneifolia, Pinus pinaster and P. nigra, Quercus ilex, Tilia tomentosa, T. caucasica, Acer velutinum, Acer monspesulanum, A. campestre.
Out of the plants represented Mediterranean flora the following plants are well adapted to the local conditions: Laurus nobilis, Ulex europea, Cercis siliquastrum, Cupressus sempervirens, Pinus pinaster, Chamerops humilis.
Majority of thema re used in decorative gardening: uxus sempervirens, B.balearica, Ilex aquifolium, its colored-leaved: silver and golden forms, Nerium oleander), Chamerops humilis, Quercus ilex, Quercus suber, Viburnum tinus, Rosmarinus officinalis.